Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
The Baltics social audit, conducted concurrently in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 2002, measured the public’s perception of the social phenomenon of corruption and their concrete experience with corrupt practices in the health care and licensing sectors. Interviewers contacted over 10,000 households, representing almost 25,000 people in the region together with some 300 businesses and 100 health institutions.
The goal of the social audit was to help reduce system leakages that result from petty corruption and to suggest actionable steps to improve the situation in the health and licencing sectors. After the household level data were linked to reviews of health care institutions, processed through focus groups with communities and service providers, and discussed in national stakeholder workshops, communication strategies were developed to support the dissemination and application of findings in ways that will lead to multiple interventions for preventing corruption. This social audit was commissioned by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in the framework of the Anti-Corruption Network for Transition Economies’ Baltic Anti-Corruption Initiative.
Results of this study have been summarised in an article entitled “An inter-country comparison of unofficial payments: results of a health sector social audit in the Baltic States” in the 21 January 2008 issue of BMC Health Services Research. To access the article click here.
A short summary of the results is available from the Library.