Bosnia & Herzegovina: Food Security, Social Support and Agriculture 1994

This UNHCR-sponsored study of 20,561 people in 5,413 households was carried out in May and June 1994. It evaluated the success of aid programmes in reaching especially vulnerable groups. A secondary objective was to establish a framework for ongoing monitoring of social conditions in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The survey established that the food aid programme in Central Bosnia had been broadly successful. Eight out of ten households received food aid and seven out of ten said they had sufficient food. Only two percent claimed to have no wheat stores at all. However, households headed by displaced people in the study area were twice as likely to report a food shortage. Even with the food aid and stocks, there was a lively commercial food trade. A large number of households sold electrical goods and jewelry to purchase food. Most households could buy food “basics” (oil, flour, sugar) even though the purchasing power in most cases was very low. Dependence on outside aid varied from region to region.