Mozambique: Social Cost of Landmines, 1994-1995

CIET conducted a survey on the social costs of landmines in Mozambique in 1994-95. Over 9,000 households were interviewed in 65 sites selected by multistage stratified sampling. Some 250 of these households had been affected by landmines with 83 deaths resulting. About a quarter of the victims were women. Among the injured the most common loss was of a leg. Some ten percent of the sample population reported loss of agricultural employment due to inaccessibility of land caused by mines. Households with a mine victim were 40% more likely to report difficulty in providing food for the family. Nearly a quarter of the households of the injured had to sell goods to pay for medical care. Focus groups suggested artisan cooperatives as the most likely employment opportunity for mine victims. The National Planning Commission of Mozambique assisted with the survey.

For further information see: Andersson, N., Palha de Sousa, C., Paredes, S. Social cost of land mines in four countries: Afghanistan, Bosnia, Cambodia and Mozambique, British Medical Journal 1995; 311:718-721.