Myth 3. Madaris are an urban phenomenon.
Our findings show variability among Pakistan’s four provinces. There was higher urban madarsah enrolment in Sindh and Balochistan. However, in Punjab there was little difference in madarsah enrolment between urban and rural sites. And in Northwest Frontier Province, with the lowest proportion of urban dwellers, there was more madarsah enrolment in rural sites.
Myth 4. Uneducated families send their children to madaris.
We found that, taking other factors into account, a child from a household with a head who had some formal education was less likely to be enrolled in a madarsah, but the difference was very small.
Myth 5. Parents choose madaris because they have no other option.
Our study provides strong evidence that parents usually choose a madarsah for positive reasons, rather than for want of a better option or because they could only afford an institution which provided free education and incentives. The reason is most frequently that parents want their child to have an Islamic education.